Michael Tilson Thomas
Michael Tilson Thomas (MTT) is currently the longest-tenured music director at any major American orchestra, celebrating his 23rd season as Music Director of the San Francisco Symphony (SFS) during the 2017–18 season. MTT assumed his post as the SFS’s 11th Music Director in September 1995, consolidating a strong relationship with the Orchestra that began two decades earlier with his SFS debut at age 29, leading the Orchestra in Mahler’s Symphony No. 9. MTT and the Orchestra have been praised for innovative programming, enhancing the orchestral concert experience with multimedia and creative staging, showcasing the works of American composers, and attracting new audiences to orchestral music, both at home at Davies Symphony Hall and through the Orchestra’s extensive media projects.
In 2017–18, MTT leads the San Francisco Symphony in a season featuring celebrations of the centennial of multifaceted composer, conductor, and educator Leonard Bernstein’s birth; an exploration of American music prominently featuring Ives’s Symphonies Nos. 3 and 4, which will be recorded live; a new semi-staged production of Mussorgsky’s epic political opera Boris Godunov; the fourth season of experimental SoundBox programs; a commission and world premiere by American composer Charles Wuorinen; and the release of the highly anticipated complete cycle of Schumann’s symphonies on in-house record label SFS Media.
MTT has also led the Orchestra in internationally acclaimed explorations of the music of Mahler, Stravinsky, Prokofiev, Beethoven, Wagner, and Weill, and semi-staged productions including Beethoven’s Missa solemnis Bernstein’s On The Town, Britten’s Peter Grimes, Bartók’s Duke Bluebeard’s Castle, Debussy’s Le martyre de Saint Sebastian, Mahler’s das Klagende Lied, music from Peer Gynt by Grieg, Robin Holloway, and Alfred Schnittke; Rimsky-Korsakov’s opera-ballet Mlada; and The Thomashefskys, celebrating MTT’s grandparents, Boris and Bessie Thomashefsky, pioneers of the American Yiddish theater. In 2012, Tilson Thomas and the San Francisco Symphony presented a landmark two-week American Mavericks festival, a celebration of America’s maverick musical heritage of the 20th century; following the festival, MTT and the SFS toured nationally with the American Mavericks repertoire, including four concerts at Carnegie Hall. In 2014, MTT and the SFS launched SoundBox, a new, experimental concert space and live music series backstage at Davies Symphony Hall that has been consistently received with capacity crowds and national critical acclaim.
MTT’s many recordings have won numerous international awards, including 12 Grammy awards for his recordings with the SFS: for John Adams’s Harmonielehre and Short Ride in a Fast Machine; Mahler’s Symphonies Nos. 3, 6, 7, 8, and the Adagio from Symphony No. 10; scenes from Prokofiev’s Romeo and Juliet; and a collection of three Stravinsky ballet scores—Le Sacres du printemps, The Firebird, and Perséphone. For the San Francisco Symphony’s own SFS Media label, Tilson Thomas and the Orchestra have recorded all of Mahler’s symphonies and his works for voice, chorus, and orchestra. In 2014 MTT and the Orchestra released the first-ever live concert recording of Bernstein’s complete concert score for West Side Story, featuring Broadway and television star Cheyenne Jackson. Other recent recordings include Berg’s Three Pieces for Orchestra; Debussy’s Images, Jeux, and La plus que lente; Mason Bates’s Works for Orchestra; John Adams’s Absolute Jest and Grand Pianola Music; Tchaikovsky’s Symphony No. 5 and Romeo and Juliet; Masterpieces in Miniature, a collection of short orchestral works close to MTT’s heart, including Henry Litolff’s Scherzo from Concerto symphonique No. 4 featuring pianist Yuja Wang; American Mavericks with works by Cowell, Harrison, and Varèse; Ives’s A Concord Symphony, arranged by Brant; Copland’s Organ Symphony with Paul Jacobs; and Beethoven’s Symphonies Nos. 2, 5, 7 and 9, his Cantata on the Death of the Emperor Joseph II, and Piano Concerto No. 4, and his Mass in C and Piano Concerto No. 3, the latter two with soloist Emanuel Ax. Tilson Thomas’s recordings also include pioneering work with the music of American composers Ruggles, Steve Reich, Cage, and George and Ira Gershwin.
Since 1996, Tilson Thomas and the Orchestra have made more than two dozen national and international tours together, and continue to tour regularly in Europe, Asia, and throughout the United States, with annual performances at New York’s Carnegie Hall. In 2016, MTT and the SFS embarked on their fourth tour of Asia together, performing a total of ten concerts in South Korea, Taiwan, China, and Japan. The tour showcased Dream of the Red Chamber Overture, a new SFS commission work by Chinese composer Bright Sheng; Michael Tilson Thomas’s own composition Agnegram; Stravinsky’s Le Chant du rossignol and The Firebird Suite; Mahler’s Symphony No. 1; and Bruckner’s Symphony No. 7. Pianist Yuja Wang performed Shostakovich’s Piano Concerto No. 1 and Chopin’s Piano Concerto No. 2 on the tour. In 2014 MTT and the Orchestra returned to Europe for a three-week tour, performing new and rarely performed music as well as core classical repertoire from the SFS Media catalogue, including John Adams’s Absolute Jest, Ives’s A Concord Symphony, Mahler’s Symphony No. 3, and Berlioz’s Symphonie fantastique. Following the tour, MTT and the Orchestra were honored with an ASCAP Award for Adventurous Programming and American Programming on Foreign Tours. Acclaimed interpreters of Mahler’s music, MTT and the SFS performed several of his symphonies in 2011 on tour in Europe’s leading music capitals to mark the anniversaries of the composer’s birth and death, including a rare four-concert engagement at the famed Vienna Konzerthaus. Other recent touring highlights, in addition to the two-week 2012 American Mavericks tour of the US, include the Orchestra’s 10-concert tour of Asia in 2012, and a 2007 tour of summer festivals including the London Proms and festivals of Edinburgh, Rheingau, Berlin and Lucerne.
A Los Angeles native, Tilson Thomas began his formal studies at the University of Southern California, where he studied piano with John Crown and conducting and composition with Ingolf Dahl. At 19, he was named Music Director of the Young Musicians Foundation Debut Orchestra. He worked with Stravinsky, Boulez, Stockhausen, and Copland on premieres of their works for Los Angeles’s famed Monday Evening Concerts. During this period he was also pianist and conductor for cellist Gregor Piatigorsky and violinist Jascha Heifetz.
In 1969, at age 24, after winning the Koussevitzky Prize at Tanglewood, Tilson Thomas was appointed Assistant Conductor of the Boston Symphony Orchestra (BSO). Ten days later, he made his New York debut with the Boston Symphony, gaining international recognition when he replaced Music Director William Steinberg mid-concert at Lincoln Center. He was later appointed Principal Guest Conductor of the BSO, where he remained until 1974. He led the television broadcasts of the New York Philharmonic’s famed Young People’s Concerts from 1971 to 1977. He has also served as Chief Conductor and Director of the Ojai Festival, Music Director of the Buffalo Philharmonic, and a Principal Guest Conductor of the Los Angeles Philharmonic. He has toured the world with the London Symphony Orchestra, of which he became Principal Conductor in 1988 and now serves as Principal Guest Conductor. Until 2000 he was co-Artistic Director of the Pacific Music Festival, which he and Leonard Bernstein inaugurated in Sapporo, Japan, in 1990. His guest conducting engagements include frequent appearances with the major orchestras of Europe and the United States.
Tilson Thomas is noted for his commitment to music education and young people. In 1987 he founded the New World Symphony in Miami, a national training orchestra for the most gifted graduates of America’s conservatories, and continues as Artistic Director. A newly built Frank Gehry venue, the New World Center, conceived as a laboratory for the way music is taught, performed and experienced, opened in Miami Beach in 2011. As Artistic Director of the YouTube Symphony Orchestra, MTT led the globally sourced ensemble in both its first concert in 2009 at Carnegie Hall and the new group of musicians who performed at the Sydney Opera House in 2011. That event was the most popular live YouTube concert, with 33 million viewers.
MTT and the SFS created the landmark national Keeping Score PBS television series and multimedia project, unprecedented among American orchestras. Designed to make classical music more accessible to people of all ages and musical backgrounds, Keeping Score is anchored by eight composer documentaries and eight live concert films, viewed by more than six million Americans on national PBS television, Blu-ray and DVD; an interactive web site to explore and learn about music, www.keepingscore.org; and a national radio series with episodes hosted by MTT. Its education program for K-12 schools was designed to further teaching through the arts by integrating classical music into core subjects. Keeping Score composers include Tchaikovsky, Beethoven, Stravinsky, Copland, Ives, Berlioz, Shostakovich, and Mahler.
Recognized for his work as a composer, MTT has given world premieres of many of his works with the San Francisco Symphony. In 1999, MTT conducted the SFS in the first orchestral version of Three Songs to Poems by Walt Whitman, and in 2001, Renée Fleming and the SFS premiered his song cycle Poems of Emily Dickinson. In 2002, Tilson Thomas led the SFS in the world premiere of his contrabassoon concerto Urban Legend, with SFS contrabassoonist Steven Braunstein as soloist. In 2005, MTT and the SFS performed Tilson Thomas’s Island Music, dedicated to the memory of Lou Harrison. In 1991, Tilson Thomas and the New World Symphony performed From the Diary of Anne Frank, composed by MTT and commissioned by UNICEF. His composition Shówa/Shoáh was written in commemoration of the 50th anniversary of the bombing of Hiroshima.
Tilson Thomas’s many honors include the National Medal of Arts, the highest award given to artists by the USgovernment, presented by President Barack Obama in 2010. He has also been recognized with Columbia University’s Ditson Award for services to American Music and the President’s Award from the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences. He was named 1995 Conductor of the Year by Musical America. Tilson Thomas was a Carnegie Hall Perspectives Artist from 2003-2005. In 2006 he was recognized with Gramophone’s Artist of the Year award, and in 2015 he was named to the magazine’s Hall of Fame. In 2006 he was also elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Tilson Thomas is a Chevalier des Arts et des Lettres of France.